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Arbeitslosigkeit und Nationalsozialismus: eine empirische Analyse des Beitrags der Massenerwerbslosigkeit zu den Wahlerfolgen der NSDAP 1932 und 1933 [1983]

Unemployment and national socialism: an empirical analysis of the impact of mass unemployment on the electoral success of the NSDAP in 1932 and 1933
[journal article]

Falter, Jürgen W.; Link, Andreas; Lohmöller, Jan-Bernd; Rijke, Johann de; Schumann, Siegfried

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Abstract "In social and historical science literature the rise of mass unemployment in Germany until 1933 is often described as causally related to the success of the NSDAP in German elections. Only rarely, however, is the hypothesis concerning the interrelatedness of these two variables adequately founded empirically. An examination of a database covering all districts and administrative reforms instead reveals a negative relation between NSDAP electoral success and figures of unemployment. The analysis of contrast groups shows the variables including the proportion of workers, the proportion of unemployed and the level of urbanization as having a negative effect on the NSDAP's election chances. Seen from their absolute strength, as well as from growth in voters, the NSDAP had more success in regions where the unemployment rate was lower in relation to the average of the Third Reich and vice versa." (author's abstract)
Keywords National Socialist German Workers' Party; Nazism; mass unemployment; voting behavior; election result; religious affiliation
Classification Social History, Historical Social Research; Political Process, Elections, Political Sociology, Political Culture
Method empirical
Document language German
Publication Year 2013
Page/Pages p. 111-144
Journal Historical Social Research, Supplement (2013) 25
Issue topic Zur Soziographie des Nationalsozialismus
ISSN 0172-6404
Status Published Version; peer reviewed
Licence Creative Commons - Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works