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Frequenz und Struktur: zur Sozialgeschichte der Studenten im Kaiserreich

Enrollment and structure: the social history of students in imperial Germany
[journal article]

Jarausch, Konrad H.

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Abstract "To foreign observers, the high international reputation of German universities around the turn of the 20th century contrasted sharply with their authoritarian structure and corporate student subculture. This chapter analyzes the Prussian educational statistics, arguing that the 4.5 fold expansion of the student body was fed by an expansion of the secondary system, the inclusion of women and the attraction of foreign students. This made the diversifying philosophical faculty the leading rector, while theology declined whereas law and medicine continued to trade places. Moreover, academic selfrecruitment also decreased, while students from the propertied Bürgertum gained and the new lower middle dass began to assert itself. With increasing numbers of Catholics and Jews, as well as graduates of modern secondary schools, the student body began to reflect more closely the social diversity of Germany. The essay concludes that a good deal of the ideological conflict between liberal and illiberal academics was a consequence of this expansion and diversification of social structures." (author's abstract)
Keywords German Empire; student; role; nineteenth century; social history; university; philosophy; middle class; academic; twentieth century; social change; modernization; education; Prussia; statistics; subject of study; social structure; social stratification; secondary school graduate; social background
Classification Social History, Historical Social Research; University Education
Method empirical; quantitative empirical; historical
Document language German
Publication Year 2012
Page/Pages p. 125-156
Journal Historical Social Research, Supplement (2012) 24
Issue topic Contemporary history as transatlantic project: the German problem 1960-2010
ISSN 0172-6404
Status Published Version; peer reviewed
Licence Creative Commons - Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works