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Bipartidismul românesc: Implicarea lui Carol I şi a liderilor politici în funcţionarea alternanţei la guvernare (1895-1914)

The functioning of the bipartite system in Romania (1866-1914)
[journal article]

Dogaru, Cosmin-Stefan

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Abstract Carol I and the political leaders maintained the two-party system founded by the political parties, National-Liberal Party and Conservative Party (after their formation) with balanced forces, in not conceding importance to the political factions or other parties, which could generate political instability. Expressing as a true arbiter in political life, Carol I used the alternation at government of the National-Liberal Party with the Conservative Party from 1895-1914, called in the specialized literature as “rotativa guvernamentală” (“governmental rotation”). In running of this type as organized alternation, an important role was assigned to Carol I, who took over the British model, because it ensured the public peace and permitted a balance of forces between conservators and liberals.The alternation mechanism to government of conservators with liberals has functioned before 1895, but with unequal period of time, with alliances between liberal and conservator factions (1866-1871); between parties and different factions of conservators (1888-1895). This system allowed the consolidation of the two government parties and the state institutions. The collaboration of the two parties was accomplished for the welfare of the state: in situations of political, economic, crises the two parties were supporting each other. The government program applied by a party which was in government was continued by the party who succeeded in power.
Keywords Romania; two-party system; liberal party; conservative party; constitutional monarchy; political development; nineteenth century; twentieth century
Classification General History; Political System, Constitution, Government
Free Keywords King Carol I
Document language Other language
Publication Year 2008
Page/Pages p. 3-15
Journal Annals of the University of Bucharest / Political science series, 10 (2008)
ISSN 1582-2486
Status Published Version; peer reviewed
Licence Creative Commons - Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works