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Funcţionarea sistemului bipartidist în românia (1866-1914)

The functioning of the bipartite system in Romania (1866-1914)
[journal article]

Dogaru, Cosmin-Stefan

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Abstract According to the Constitution of 1866, the prerogatives of Carol I permitted him to be a mediator in the political struggle between liberals and conservatives, as a constitutional monarch. In 1866, there were different political groups, liberal and conservative, which formed unstable governments (1866-1871). The political stability was assured for a short period by the conservative government (1871-1876). In time, the political groups decided to unite, founding the two major parties, the National Liberal Party (1875)and the Conservative Party (1880). Both parties tended to monopolize the political power for a long period of time, generating tensions between government-opposition (1876-1888 – liberal government and 1888-1895 – conservative government). During 1895 and 1914 functioned the “rotativa guvernamentală” (“governmental rotation”), representing a particularity of the Romanian two-party system, characterized as an organized alternation in government of National Liberal Party with Conservative Party.
Keywords Romania; two-party system; liberal party; conservative party; constitutional monarchy; political development; nineteenth century; monopoly on violence
Classification General History; Political System, Constitution, Government
Free Keywords King Carol I of Romania
Document language Other language
Publication Year 2011
Page/Pages p. 55-66
Journal Annals of the University of Bucharest / Political science series, 13 (2011) 1
ISSN 1582-2486
Status Published Version; peer reviewed
Licence Creative Commons - Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works