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Overlapping regional security institutions in South America: the case of OAS and UNASUR

[journal article]

Weiffen, Brigitte; Wehner, Leslie; Nolte, Detlef

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Please use the following Persistent Identifier (PID) to cite this document:http://nbn-resolving.de/urn:nbn:de:0168-ssoar-376405

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Abstract The Union of South American Nations (UNASUR) has positioned itself as a regional security organization aimed at reducing the influence of the Organization of American States (OAS) in South America. At the same time, the OAS paradoxically serves as a model for UNASUR because of its operational capacity and its legitimacy as a regional organization. This article analyzes the seemingly contradictory tendencies of replication and dissociation that UNASUR exhibits towards the OAS in terms of security conceptions and practices. In the first part of the paper, we will draw on recent debates on international regime complexity to develop a framework to study institutional overlap. The second part analyzes to what extent and in which respects UNASUR, and particularly its Defense Council, overlaps with the OAS in terms of security conceptions and practices, while the third part examines the causes of the emergence of a "competitor" for the OAS in South America.
Keywords South America; OAS; security policy; international regime; regional policy; political alliance; pressure-group politics
Classification International Relations, International Politics, Foreign Affairs, Development Policy; Peace and Conflict Research, International Conflicts, Security Policy
Free Keywords Organization of American States; regime complexity; regional security organization; Union of South American Nations
Document language English
Publication Year 2013
Page/Pages p. 370-389
Journal International Area Studies Review, 16 (2013) 4
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/2233865913503466
ISSN 1879-2013
Status Published Version; peer reviewed
Licence Deposit Licence - No Redistribution, No Modifications
This publication is with permission of the rights owner freely accessible due to an Alliance licence and a national licence (funded by the DFG, German Research Foundation) respectively.