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Opening Pandora's box? Inclusive institutions and the onset of internal conflict in oil-rich countries

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Wegenast, Tim

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Abstract The literature on institutional determinants of intra-state violence commonly asserts that the presence of multiple political parties reduces the conflict potential within countries. By co-opting oppositional groups into an institutionalized political arena, dissidents would prefer parliamentary means over violent rebellion in order to pursue their goals. The present article shows that this proposition does not necessarily hold true for resource-abundant states. In the presence of vast natural resources such as oil, countries exhibiting numerous non-competitive parties are actually more susceptible to internal conflict. Logit models that employ different estimation techniques and alternative operationalizations are shown to corroborate the proposed claim.
Keywords natural resources; crude oil; raw material deposits; conflict potential; violence; political system; multi-party system
Classification Political Process, Elections, Political Sociology, Political Culture; Peace and Conflict Research, International Conflicts, Security Policy
Free Keywords institutions; intra-state conflict; political parties
Document language English
Publication Year 2013
Page/Pages p. 392-410
Journal International Political Science Review, 34 (2013) 4
ISSN 0192-5121
Status Published Version; peer reviewed
Licence Deposit Licence - No Redistribution, No Modifications
This publication is with permission of the rights owner freely accessible due to an Alliance licence and a national licence (funded by the DFG, German Research Foundation) respectively.