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China's potential for economic coercion in the South China sea disputes: a comparative study of the Philippines and Vietnam

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Ravindran, Madhu Sudan

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Abstract "With tensions rising in the South China Sea, China’s use of its economic leverage over Southeast Asian countries has recently come into focus. With increasing economic and trade ties between China and Southeast Asia, the question being asked is whether China can successfully impose economic sanctions to gain policy concessions in the South China Sea disputes. This paper examines China's relations with the Philippines and Vietnam and analyses the possibility of a successful economic sanction by China against these two countries in future disputes. The article concludes that Vietnam may be more vulnerable economically to Chinese sanctions than the Philippines. However, political factors would offset that vulnerability in the case of Vietnam and amplify it in the case of the Philippines, making the Philippines more likely to concede to modest political demands." (author's abstract)
Keywords China; Philippines; Vietnam; economic relations; commerce; bilateral relations; conflict; economic sanction; economic policy; developing country; Southeast Asia
Classification International Relations, International Politics, Foreign Affairs, Development Policy
Document language English
Publication Year 2012
Page/Pages p. 105-132
Journal Journal of Current Southeast Asian Affairs, 31 (2012) 3
ISSN 1868-1034
Status Published Version; peer reviewed
Licence Creative Commons - Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works