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Simulated democracy and pseudo-transformational leadership in Hungary

Simulierte Demokratie und pseudo-transformative politische Führung in Ungarn
[journal article]

Lengyel, György; Ilonszki, Gabriella

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Abstract "This paper investigates current Hungarian political developments with the conceptual tools provided by elite and leadership studies. It develops an argument about the institutionalization of simulated democracy, which applies to social situations when democratic institutions exist but where their consolidation is hampered by the norm breaching behaviour of elites and other social groups. The article investigates the responsibility of leaders and elites in two sections. First, the failure of the Hungarian elite settlement is described. Second, the working of simulated democracy is examined with special emphasis on elites' and leaders' behaviour in connection to media law, the new Constitution and other current institutional developments. In the conclusion the authors make an attempt to connect elite and leadership issues to institutional developments and highlight some normative consequences." (author's abstract)
Keywords Hungary; post-communist society; democracy; simulation; transformation; political elite; consolidation; constitution; institutional factors; political change; leadership; satisfaction; power; election; change of government; socialist party; political system; populism; racism; post-socialist country
Classification Political Process, Elections, Political Sociology, Political Culture; General History
Method descriptive study; empirical; qualitative empirical
Document language English
Publication Year 2012
Page/Pages p. 107-126
Journal Historical Social Research, 37 (2012) 1
Issue topic Elite foundations of social theory and politics / Elitetheoretische Grundlagen sozialwissenschaftlicher Theoriebildung und politischer Analyse
ISSN 0172-6404
Status Published Version; peer reviewed
Licence Creative Commons - Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works