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Pour un développement raisonné des méthodes expérimentales en SIC: quelques intérêts épistémologiques du pluralisme méthodologique

For a reasoned development of experimental methods in information and communication sciences: some epistemological findings of methodological pluralism
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Courbet, Didier

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Abstract If multidisciplinarity is necessary, first, for studying the widest possible set of communication phenomena (organizational, in groups, interpersonal, media, computer-mediated communication...) and, secondly, for grasping the complexity of the different moments of the same phenomenon of communication (production, content, reception, circulation ...), methodological pluralism is also important. However, French research in communication sciences leaves in the shade a number of phenomena and moments of communication that could be better understood thanks to the experimental method. We will underline that the epistemological issues related to rational use of the experimental method in communication sciences are not negligible: it allows the study of objects that cannot be investigated with other methods and offers the opportunity to build knowledge by the refutation of hypotheses and theoretical propositions. We will clarify some epistemological misunderstandings concerning this method. First, it is actually a method of studying complex systems and communication processes. Secondly, its use is not incompatible with constructivism.
Keywords communication sciences; method; experiment; epistemology; positivism
Classification Basic Research, General Concepts and History of the Science of Communication
Document language French
Publication Year 2013
Page/Pages p. 15-34
Journal ESSACHESS - Journal for Communication Studies, 6 (2013) 1
Issue topic Experimental methods in communication
ISSN 1775-352X
Status Published Version; peer reviewed
Licence Creative Commons - Attribution-NonCommercial