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Parties in chains: do ethnic party bans in Africa promote peace?


Basedau, Matthias; Moroff, Anika


Bitte beziehen Sie sich beim Zitieren dieses Dokumentes immer auf folgenden Persistent Identifier (PID):http://nbn-resolving.de/urn:nbn:de:0168-ssoar-369151

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Abstract Since the sweeping (re)introduction of multiparty systems in the early 1990s, almost all sub-Saharan countries have introduced legal provisions to ban ethnic or other identity-based particularistic parties. Altogether, 12 countries have actually banned political parties on these grounds. In theoretical terms, such bans can exclude particularism from politics but - contrary to public discourse - also run the risk of forcing groups to resort to violent means or of becoming an object of conflict themselves. Empirically speaking, hardly any general patterns in the effects of bans can be detected. A closer look at 12 politically relevant bans in six countries reveals an initially stabilizing impact in one case (Rwanda in 1994). A ban on a religious party in Kenya in 1993 triggered violent conflict. In cases such as Equatorial Guinea (1994) and Rwanda (2001, 2003), this regulatory measure, allegedly designed to promote peace, seems to be part of the 'menu of manipulation' and is abused to suppress the opposition.
Thesaurusschlagwörter Africa South of the Sahara; party; banning of a party; ethnicity; ethnic group; minority; religious party; ethnic conflict; party system; particularism; impact
Klassifikation politische Willensbildung, politische Soziologie, politische Kultur
Freie Schlagwörter ethnic parties; sub-Saharan Africa
Sprache Dokument Englisch
Publikationsjahr 2011
Seitenangabe S. 205-222
Zeitschriftentitel Party Politics, 17 (2011) 2
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1354068810391148
ISSN 1460-3683
Status Veröffentlichungsversion; begutachtet (peer reviewed)
Lizenz Deposit Licence - Keine Weiterverbreitung, keine Bearbeitung
Dieser Beitrag ist mit Zustimmung des Rechteinhabers aufgrund einer (DFG geförderten) Allianz- bzw. Nationallizenz frei zugänglich.