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Who drives change? Comparing the evolution of domestic climate governance in India and South Africa

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Never, Babette

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Abstract This article compares and contrasts the nature and scope of change in the domestic climate governance of India and South Africa between 2007 and 2010. It identifies the actors and networks driving these change processes by applying the concepts of “communities of practice” and a simple, resource exchange–based network. Small communities of practice promoting collective learning, trust, and identity building capture the trends and actor relations well for the South African case. More simple, business-driven networks could be identified in India. Using survey and interview data, this article finds that both countries have generally not undergone a structural, transformative change, yet that includes the collective learning of new norms and values. Differences exist for more specific parts of climate governance. The number of participating actors, the character of the scientific landscape, and the centrality of a governmental actor with a certain knowledge and attitude within a network shape these different change processes.
Keywords India; Republic of South Africa; environmental policy; climate policy; climate protection; political actor; network; climate change; governance; South Asia; Southern Africa
Classification Ecology, Environment
Free Keywords Netzwerk (institutionell/ sozial); Community Building
Document language English
Publication Year 2012
Page/Pages p. 362-387
Journal The Journal of Environment & Development, 21 (2012) 3
ISSN 1552-5465
Status Published Version; peer reviewed
Licence Deposit Licence - No Redistribution, No Modifications
This publication is with permission of the rights owner freely accessible due to an Alliance licence and a national licence (funded by the DFG, German Research Foundation) respectively.