More documents from Flemes, Daniel
More documents from International Studies

Export to your Reference Manger

Please Copy & Paste



Bookmark and Share

India-Brazil-South Africa (IBSA) in the new global order: interests, strategies and values of the emerging coalition

[journal article]

Flemes, Daniel

fulltextDownloadDownload full text

(250 KByte)

Citation Suggestion

Please use the following Persistent Identifier (PID) to cite this document:

Further Details
Abstract A question of interest to scholars of International Politics concerns the manner in which weaker states attempt to influence stronger ones. This article offers a case study of one recent exercise in coalition-building among southern powers as a vehicle for change in international relations. It analyzes the global interests, strategies and values of India-Brazil-South Africa (IBSA) and the impact of the IBSA Dialogue Forum on the global order. Five major points are outlined. First, common ideas and values shape the global discourse of the emerging coalition. Second, soft balancing based on a value-driven middle power discourse is a suitable concept to explain IBSA’s strategy in global institutions. Third, institutional foreign policy instruments such as agenda-setting and coalition-building are pivotal elements of IBSA’s soft balancing approach. Fourth, the trilateral coalition suffers from considerable divergence of interest in global governance issues and limited potential gains of its sectoral cooperation, particularly in trade, due to a lack of complementarities of the participating economies. Finally, despite these obstacles the IBSA Forum has impacted the global order in recent years as a powerful driver for change. India, Brazil and South Africa have contributed to an incremental global power shift in their favour. The southern coalition also induced a change in the character of multilateralism and, in particular, its procedural values.
Keywords India; Brazil; Republic of South Africa; foreign policy; international cooperation; international relations; international system; global governance; multilateralism; world order
Classification International Relations, International Politics, Foreign Affairs, Development Policy
Free Keywords multilaterale internationale Beziehungen; multipolares internationales System; India-Brazil-South Africa Dialogue Forum
Document language English
Publication Year 2009
Page/Pages p. 401-421
Journal International Studies, 46 (2009) 4
ISSN 0973-0702
Status Published Version; peer reviewed
Licence Deposit Licence - No Redistribution, No Modifications
This publication is with permission of the rights owner freely accessible due to an Alliance licence and a national licence (funded by the DFG, German Research Foundation) respectively.