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India-Brazil-South Africa (IBSA) in the new global order: interests, strategies and values of the emerging coalition


Flemes, Daniel


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Abstract A question of interest to scholars of International Politics concerns the manner in which weaker states attempt to influence stronger ones. This article offers a case study of one recent exercise in coalition-building among southern powers as a vehicle for change in international relations. It analyzes the global interests, strategies and values of India-Brazil-South Africa (IBSA) and the impact of the IBSA Dialogue Forum on the global order. Five major points are outlined. First, common ideas and values shape the global discourse of the emerging coalition. Second, soft balancing based on a value-driven middle power discourse is a suitable concept to explain IBSA’s strategy in global institutions. Third, institutional foreign policy instruments such as agenda-setting and coalition-building are pivotal elements of IBSA’s soft balancing approach. Fourth, the trilateral coalition suffers from considerable divergence of interest in global governance issues and limited potential gains of its sectoral cooperation, particularly in trade, due to a lack of complementarities of the participating economies. Finally, despite these obstacles the IBSA Forum has impacted the global order in recent years as a powerful driver for change. India, Brazil and South Africa have contributed to an incremental global power shift in their favour. The southern coalition also induced a change in the character of multilateralism and, in particular, its procedural values.
Thesaurusschlagwörter India; Brazil; Republic of South Africa; foreign policy; international cooperation; international relations; international system; global governance; multilateralism; world order
Klassifikation internationale Beziehungen, Entwicklungspolitik
Freie Schlagwörter multilaterale internationale Beziehungen; multipolares internationales System; India-Brazil-South Africa Dialogue Forum
Sprache Dokument Englisch
Publikationsjahr 2009
Seitenangabe S. 401-421
Zeitschriftentitel International Studies, 46 (2009) 4
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/002088171004600402
ISSN 0973-0702
Status Veröffentlichungsversion; begutachtet (peer reviewed)
Lizenz Deposit Licence - Keine Weiterverbreitung, keine Bearbeitung
Dieser Beitrag ist mit Zustimmung des Rechteinhabers aufgrund einer (DFG geförderten) Allianz- bzw. Nationallizenz frei zugänglich.