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What Influences the Rate of Entry into Motherhood of Women Enrolled in Full-Time Education? A Difference-in-Differences Analysis of the Effect of the German Unification

[journal article]

Blossfeld, Gwendolin J.

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Please use the following Persistent Identifier (PID) to cite this document:http://nbn-resolving.de/urn:nbn:de:0168-ssoar-365315

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Abstract The purpose of this paper is to study the entry into motherhood of women in full-time education in East and West Germany before and after German unification. Using longitudinal data from the ‘National Educational Panel Study’ (NEPS), we have conducted a difference-in-differences analysis and apply multivariate methods. Our longitudinal analysis demonstrated that the conflict between the sequencing norm and the age norm is dependent on women’s age, social origin, and pro-natalist state support for women in full-time education. Women who are enrolled in education enter motherhood more often as age increases, since the pressure coming from the normative timing of motherhood is increasing, although with a declining slope. To avoid the jeopardizing consequences of motherhood on educational success, families from higher social origins have a stronger desire that women should first finish education before they have their first baby. The results of our analysis also demonstrate that the fertility behaviour of young East German women who are enrolled in full-time education has changed with German unification.
Keywords Federal Republic of Germany; New Federal States; old federal states; reunification; woman; life career; school attendance; training; studies (academic); desire for children; motherhood; birth trend; work-family balance; level of education attained; participation in education; social factors
Classification Sociology of Education; Family Sociology, Sociology of Sexual Behavior
Free Keywords educational enrolment; young motherhood; fertility
Document language English
Publication Year 2013
Page/Pages p. 71-87
Journal Studies of Transition States and Societies, 5 (2013) 2
ISSN 1736-8758
Status Published Version; peer reviewed
Licence Creative Commons - Attribution