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Structural Components of Lifestyle and Beyond: The Case of Hungary

[journal article]

Keller, Tamás; Róbert, Péter

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Please use the following Persistent Identifier (PID) to cite this document:http://nbn-resolving.de/urn:nbn:de:0168-ssoar-363978

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Abstract "This paper deals with the question of when and how lifestyle and its components are important in social stratification. There is considerable consensus among scholars about the structure of the society being a consequence of hierarchical dimensions like occupation, income, or wealth. Some thirty years ago, largely based on Bourdieu's 'Distinction', a new paradigm emerged highlighting the lifestyle components and the value-oriented cultural and material consumption in stratification. The idea reflects the empirical finding that inequality between social classes has largely decreased, giving priority to horizontal lifestyle differentiation instead of vertical inequality dimensions. From a theoretical viewpoint, a challenge in the approach is finding out to what extent lifestyle typology is of a non-vertical character in reality. This social determination of lifestyle is investigated for Hungary when comparing an occupation-based typology with a consumption-based one. On the one hand, results reveal that the effects of structural components on social status are stronger than those of lifestyle. On the other hand, lifestyle turns out to be less independent of social position and the top and bottom levels of the lifestyle typology are particularly predictable by structural measures." (author's abstract)
Keywords Hungary; post-socialist country; life style; social stratification; social structure; Bourdieu, P.; social inequality; consumption; value-orientation; social status; social position; occupation
Classification General Sociology, Basic Research, General Concepts and History of Sociology, Sociological Theories
Document language English
Publication Year 2011
Page/Pages p. 55-75
Journal Studies of Transition States and Societies, 3 (2011) 1
ISSN 1736-8758
Status Published Version; peer reviewed
Licence Deposit Licence - No Redistribution, No Modifications