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Empirical research on ethics : the influence of social roles on decisions and on their ethical justification

Empirische Ethikforschung : der Einfluss sozialer Rollen auf Entscheidungen und deren ethische Berechtigung
[research report]

Witte, Erich H.; Heitkamp, Imke

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Corporate Editor Universität Hamburg, Fak. für Erziehungswissenschaft, Psychologie und Bewegungswissenschaft, FB Psychologie, Arbeitsbereich Sozialpsychologie
Abstract "Two questionnaire studies try to answer the question if different social roles lead to different decisions and justifications concerning ethical problems. In study I participants were asked to decide either on an economic or a medical problem while going into a related social role, in study II role expectations were asked for. The decision had to be justified by weighing the importance of four classical ethical positions: hedonism, intuitionism, utilitarianism, and deontology. The results show that decisions and their justifications are dependent on social roles and partly on the context. The effect which is interpreted as stemming from social standardization is greater for role behavior. The differences between role behavior and expectation indicate a misunderstanding crucial for group decisions." (author's abstract)
Keywords ethics; role; behavior; role taking; expectation; decision; legitimation
Classification Social Psychology
Method empirical; quantitative empirical
Document language English
Publication Year 2005
City Hamburg
Page/Pages 33 p.
Series Hamburger Forschungsberichte zur Sozialpsychologie (HaFoS), 61
Status Published Version
Licence Deposit Licence - No Redistribution, No Modifications
data provider This metadata entry was indexed by the Special Subject Collection Social Sciences, USB Cologne