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"National heroes" or 'transnational shames'? : exploring the development-migration nexus in migrant domestic workers and ICT workers

"Nationale Helden" oder "transnationale Schande"? : Untersuchung des Entwicklung-Migration-Nexus von einheimischen Arbeitmigranten und IT-Beschäftigten
[working paper]

Shinozaki, Kyoko

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Corporate Editor Universität Bielefeld, Fak. für Soziologie, Centre on Migration, Citizenship and Development (COMCAD)
Abstract "Information and communication technologies (ICT) and domestic work are the two sectors that Germany has recently lifted its general recruitment ban. The recruitment of migrant women and men, either as a domestic or an ICT worker, provides solutions to the alleged 'deficit' in care and in the knowledge economy. In addition, they send remittances back home. Despite these commonalities the existing literature tends to treat these two groups of migrants as separate subjects of research, resulting in 'paradigmatic separation'. I attempt to overcome this separation by juxtaposing these two flows. I analyze the media and political discourses about them focusing on India and Poland, the major sending countries of the respective migratory streams to Germany. I argue that the mode of incorporation of the two flows into development is far from unitary. I unpack that the discursive constructions rest on their alleged skill levels, which are highly gendered and classed. Whereas the Polish state strategically commodifies its female citizens' reproductive labour on the transnational labour market, India selectively draws on the national identification among (former) Indian migrant citizens in the highly skilled and skilled sectors for the transnational circulation of knowledge and resources. However, these migrant heroes of development are subject to moral disciplining of a transnational shame or blame." (author's abstract)
Keywords migration; Federal Republic of Germany; India; Poland; migrant; developing country; identity; labor migration; foreign worker; occupational integration; migration policy; discourse
Classification Migration, Sociology of Migration
Method descriptive study
Document language English
Publication Year 2008
City Bielefeld
Page/Pages 22 p.
Series COMCAD Working Papers, 58
Status Published Version
Licence Deposit Licence - No Redistribution, No Modifications
data provider This metadata entry was indexed by the Special Subject Collection Social Sciences, USB Cologne