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Human smuggling networks operating between Middle East and the European Union : evidence from Iranian, Iraqi and Afghani migrants in the Netherlands

Netzwerke des Menschenschmuggels zwischen dem Mittleren Osten und der Europäischen Union : Belege von iranischen, irakischen und afghanischen Migranten in den Niederlanden
[working paper]

Bilecen, Basak

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Corporate Editor Universität Bielefeld, Fak. für Soziologie, Centre on Migration, Citizenship and Development (COMCAD)
Abstract "Due to its challenging nature of traditional perspectives, human smuggling is always on the agenda of decision makers, politicians, media and academia. This article focuses on human smuggling between Middle East into the European Union, especially the Netherlands. Iran, Iraq and Afghanistan are the chosen countries from the region since there are increasing numbers of asylum seekers in Europe. The article briefly looks at different perspectives in the literature and then concentrates on the involvement of transnational organized crime in the process of human smuggling. Then it will try to analyze organized crime perspective by network analysis." (author's abstract)
Keywords slave trade; smuggling; Middle East; EU; Netherlands; Iran; Iraq; Afghanistan; organized crime; migration; asylum seeker; network; illegal immigration; developing country; Arab countries; South Asia
Classification Migration, Sociology of Migration; Criminal Sociology, Sociology of Law
Method descriptive study
Document language English
Publication Year 2009
City Bielefeld
Page/Pages 16 p.
Series COMCAD Working Papers, 62
Status Published Version
Licence Deposit Licence - No Redistribution, No Modifications
data provider This metadata entry was indexed by the Special Subject Collection Social Sciences, USB Cologne