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Gas infrastructure development in the countries of East Baltic as a way to increase energy security

Развитие газовой инфраструктуры зарубежных стран Восточной Балтики как способ повышения их энергетической безопасности
[journal article]

Golyashev, Alexander; Telegin, Andrey

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Abstract In the context of regional gas infrastructure development this paper considers the issue of energy security of the countries of East Baltic, which depend heavily on a single energy supplier — Russia. In recent years, the countries of the region have announced several LNG terminal construction projects. The European Union will provide political and financial support to only one of these projects. The paper explores the role of gas and energy in the economy of the Eastern Baltic countries. The author concludes that the countries mostly dependent on Russian gas are Lithuania and Latvia. The announced LNG terminal projects are being reviewed in detail. Their necessity is estimated from the perspective of the current and future demand for natural gas, including the terms and conditions of contracts concluded with OAO Gazprom. Different scenarios and prospects for individual LNG terminal projects and associated pipeline infrastructure are evaluated. It is shown that the inability of countries to find a political compromise on this issue and the terms of existing contracts for Russian gas, as well as low domestic demand for gas hamper the implementation of a regional LNG terminal project even in the long term.
Keywords Baltic region; Russia; Latvia; Lithuania; Estonia; energy industry; natural gas; energy supply; infrastructure
Classification Special areas of Departmental Policy
Document language English
Publication Year 2013
Page/Pages p. 39-56
Journal Baltic Region (2013) 2
Issue topic Energy
ISSN 2079-8555
Status Published Version; peer reviewed
Licence Free Digital Peer Publishing Licence