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The methodological bases of comparative evaluation of scientific and technological potential of Russia and the EU: regional and international aspects

Metodicheskie osnovy sravnitel'noj ocenki nauchno-tehnicheskogo potenciala Rossii i ES: regional'nyj i mezhdunarodnyj aspekty
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Voloshenko, Ksenya

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Abstract This article analyses approaches to the definition of such categories as “scientific and technological potential” and “innovative potential” in view of their resource, structural, procedural and resultant components. The author gives a more accurate definition of the scientific and technological potential through identifying its resources and orientation towards transforming abilities. On the basis of the existing methods of comparative analysis used in Russia and abroad, the author proposes a methodology for evaluating scientific and technological potential in the context of regional and international comparison. The integral index is calculated on the basis of a customised information and statistical database of normalised indicators through the identification and convolution of subindices that characterise individual components of potential. These subindices include pecific indicators applied in different statistical systems, in particular, those used in Russia and the EU, which made it possible to compar the data. The article presents the result of the application of this methodology based on a comparative evaluation of the scientific and technological potential of Russia (Northwestern federal district) and EU states of the Baltic region. The experimental check suggests that the methodology be further improved for future clustering of Russian and EU regions according to the level of their innovative development.
Keywords Russia; EU; Baltic States; Baltic region; innovation potential; performance; science; engineering; regional comparison; international comparison; technical development; economic growth; measurement; indicator
Classification Area Development Planning, Regional Research; Basic Research, General Concepts and History of Economics
Free Keywords scientific and technological potential; comparative evaluation; human resources; infrastructural and research components; transforming abilities; index method
Document language English
Publication Year 2012
Page/Pages p. 16-28
Journal Baltic Region (2012) 4
Issue topic Innovation
DOI 10.5922/2079-8555-2012-4-2
ISSN 2079-8555
Status Postprint; peer reviewed
Licence Free Digital Peer Publishing Licence