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Aid donor meets strategic partner? : the European Union's and China's relations with Ethiopia

Hilfeanbieter trifft strategischen Partner? : die Beziehungen der EU und Chinas zu Äthiopien
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Hackenesch, Christine

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Abstract The motives, instruments and effects of China’s Africa policy have spurred a lively debate in European development policy circles. This paper assesses the “competitive pressure” that China’s growing presence in Africa exerts on the European development policy regime. Drawing on a large number of interviews conducted in China, Ethiopia and Europe between 2008 and 2011, the paper analyses Ethiopia as a case study. Ethiopia has emerged as one of the most important countries in Chinese as well as European cooperation with Africa. Yet, Chinese and European policies toward Ethiopia differ greatly. The EU mainly engages Ethiopia as an aid recipient, whereas China has developed a comprehensive political and economic partnership with the East African state. China has thereby become an alternative partner to the Ethiopian government, a development that both sheds light on the gap between European rhetoric and policy practice and puts pressure on the EU to make more efforts to reform its development policy system.
Keywords EU; EU policy; China; Ethiopia; promotion of development; development aid; development aid policy; cooperation; strategy; international relations; Far East; East Africa
Classification Sociology of Developing Countries, Developmental Sociology; International Relations, International Politics, Foreign Affairs, Development Policy
Method applied research; descriptive study; empirical; quantitative empirical
Document language English
Publication Year 2013
Page/Pages p. 7-36
Journal Journal of Current Chinese Affairs, 42 (2013) 1
Issue topic Chinese impacts and impacting China
ISSN 1868-4874
Status Published Version; peer reviewed
Licence Creative Commons - Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works