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Pakistan's rise to nuclear power and the contribution of German companies

Der Aufstieg Pakistans zur Atommacht und der Beitrag deutscher Unternehmen
[working paper]

Ricke, Klaus-Peter

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Further Details
Corporate Editor Hessische Stiftung Friedens- und Konfliktforschung
Abstract "In the 1970s and 1990s, German companies made a key contribution to Pakistan obtaining nuclear weapons. Inadequately equipped government agencies and a lack of legal authority made it impossible for acts of proliferation to be prosecuted. At the beginning of the 1990s steps were taken, including improvements in the regulations for granting licenses and in criminal law, allowing these deficits to be rectified. However, depending on the outcome of the legislative process, the impending revision of the German Foreign Trade and Payments Act (Außenwirtschaftsgesetz) might turn out to be a step backwards since export controls are to be modified to correspond to the low standards at the EU level. In a series of case studies, Klaus Peter Ricke outlines events in the past and makes recommendations on how export controls can be improved." (author's abstract)
Keywords Pakistan; nuclear power; armaments; nuclear weapon; technical development; proliferation; export; control; international economics; economic law; prosecution; Federal Republic of Germany
Classification Peace and Conflict Research, International Conflicts, Security Policy; Law
Document language English
Publication Year 2013
City Frankfurt am Main
Page/Pages 36 p.
Series PRIF Reports, 118
ISBN 978-3-942532-50-1
Licence Deposit Licence - No Redistribution, No Modifications