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Consolidated democracies and the past: transitional justice in Spain and Canada

[Zeitschriftenartikel]

Dunbar, Ian

Zitationshinweis

Bitte beziehen Sie sich beim Zitieren dieses Dokumentes immer auf folgenden Persistent Identifier (PID):http://nbn-resolving.de/urn:nbn:de:0168-ssoar-341456

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Abstract The majority of scholarly consideration on the principles of transitional justice has focused upon how emerging democracies should deal with former regimes immediately following violent conflict. However, consolidated democracies have also begun to turn to transitional justice mechanisms in order to address historical legacies of violence and repression. This article examines Spain and Canada, two countries dealing with seemingly disparate issues: the legacy of the Civil War and Franco’s repressive regime, and the abuses of the Indian Residential Schools system, respectively. However, both nations have been forced to respond to similar questions regarding the merits of revisiting a painful past well after democratic consolidation. The article first discusses the proliferation of transitional justice principles into consolidated democracies, and considers the argument that such processes may destabilize and divide society, particularly by exacerbating federalist divisions. It concludes that despite the unique challenges of employing transitional justice so long after a transition, the Spanish and Canadian cases reveal the inevitability of confronting the past in response to charges of hypocrisy and illegitimacy. Consolidated democracies, embedded with principles of public contention and debate, are well-suited to respond to these challenges while maintaining political and societal cohesion.
Thesaurusschlagwörter Spain; Canada; democracy; democratization; civil society; truth; conflict management; transition; constitutional state; violence; repression; coming to terms with the past; justice; human rights; minority rights
Klassifikation Recht; Friedens- und Konfliktforschung, Sicherheitspolitik
Freie Schlagwörter historical legacies and transitional justice mechanisms
Sprache Dokument Englisch
Publikationsjahr 2011
Seitenangabe S. 15-28
Zeitschriftentitel Federal Governance, 8 (2011) 2
Heftthema Federalism, reconciliation, and power-sharing in post-conflict societies
ISSN 1923-6158
Status Veröffentlichungsversion; begutachtet (peer reviewed)
Lizenz Digital Peer Publishing Licence - Basismodul
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