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Restrictions and their anomalies : the third forum and the regulation of religion in Tibet

Restriktionen und ihre Anomalien : das Dritte Forum und die Regulierung der Religion in Tibet
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Barnett, Robert

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Abstract In 1994, at a meeting known as the Third Forum on Tibet Work, the Chinese authorities announced a series of restrictions on religious practice in the Tibetan Autonomous Region. Described by many outsiders in terms of abuses of rights, in fact those measures differed in important ways. By analysing the target, rationale and procedure of these restrictions, it becomes clear that some were relatively routine, while others were anomalous – their purpose was not explained by officials, the source of their authority was not clear, or the restrictions were simply not admitted to at all. These anomalous orders can be linked to major changes in underlying discourses of modernization and development among officials in Tibet at the time. They reflected undeclared shifts in attitudes to religion and cultural difference, and seeded the dramatic worsening in state–society relations that has taken place in Tibetan areas since that time.
Keywords Tibet; religion; development; modernization; autonomy; exertion of government pressure; society; China; religious policy; patriotism; Buddhism; Far East
Classification Sociology of Religion; Sociology of Developing Countries, Developmental Sociology
Free Keywords Chen Kuiyuan; Third Forum; anomalies
Document language English
Publication Year 2012
Page/Pages p. 45-107
Journal Journal of Current Chinese Affairs, 41 (2012) 4
Issue topic The politics of ethnicity in China
ISSN 1868-4874
Status Published Version; peer reviewed
Licence Creative Commons - Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works