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„Problemstaat“ Myanmar: Stabiles Regime, soziale Krise und das Dilemma der internationalen Gemeinschaft

"Problem State" Myanmar: Stable Authoritarianism, Social Crisis and the Dilemma of the International Community
[journal article]

Bünte, Marco

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Abstract Myanmar is a “problem state”, a state that is challenged by the multiple problems of weak statehood, contested legitimacy and bad governance. While internal legitimacy is weak, the international community does not know how to react to this problem in a coherent way. Western states follow a sanction policy, regional neighbors China and India fight for economic influence in Myanmar. The protests of monks in September again illustrated the dilemma of the international community. Internally, the military is still the most powerful force acting in a unified and coherent way. The military still suppresses every form of dissent and allows no avenues for protest. While the international community is divided about the general approach towardsMyanmar, the UN pressure (backed by China and ASEAN) opened a window of opportunity for national reconciliation. The room for action, however, is restricted by the deep distrust among major political actors, the military, ethnic groups and the opposition.
Keywords Myanmar; military dictatorship; democratization; international politics; political sanction; economic sanction; protest movement; resistance; Buddhism; political situation; domestic policy; political conflict; opposition; social crisis; sanction
Classification Political Process, Elections, Political Sociology, Political Culture
Document language German
Publication Year 2007
Page/Pages p. 31-49
Journal Südostasien aktuell : journal of current Southeast Asian affairs, 26 (2007) 6
ISSN 1868-4882
Status Published Version; peer reviewed
Licence Creative Commons - Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works