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Identitatea etnică în Transilvania (a doua jumătate a secolului XIX - începutul secolului XX): repere metodologice

Ethnic identity in Transylvania (second half of the XIX - early XX century): methodological points of view
[collection article]

Brie, Mircea

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Abstract The ethnic structure of this region has been strongly influenced by the evolution of different historical-geographical, and political factors, but also by the evolution of the confessional structure. Ethnicity, from this point of view, is closely related to religion. What is typical and important to note is that the ethnic structure is very diverse. In addition to Romanians and Hungarians, also Gypsies, Germans, Slovaks, Jews, Ruthenians, and Serbs are present; other ethnic groups are numerically insignificant. For this period we identified two important categories of documents relating to ethnic identity of Transylvanians: 1. records made by the Austrian state authorities; 2. Church documents. They must be viewed and analyzed with great care because they do not correspond directly to the necessity to establish ethnic identities. The documents that are available to us do not allow for an accurate determination of a person’s ethnicity. Given the lack of a variable on nationality from the few censuses conducted by the Hungarian State, we propose based on analysis of other documents (particularly those of ecclesiastical origin) to: a) check the mother tongue, b) establish religious identity and c) run an onomastic study.
Keywords Transylvania; Romania; cultural identity; ethnicity; ethnic structure; ethnic group; religion
Classification Ethnology, Cultural Anthropology, Ethnosociology; Population Studies, Sociology of Population
Free Keywords confession; censuses; ecclesiastical documents; Transylvania
Collection Title Istoriografie şi politică în estul şi vestul spaţiului românesc
Editor Suveică, Svetlana; Eremia, Ion; Matveev, Sergiu; Şipoş, Sorin
Document language Other language
Publication Year 2009
Publisher Ed. Univ. din Oradea
City Oradea
Page/Pages p. 176-186
ISBN 978-973-759-793-9; 978-9975-4001-3-8
Status Published Version; reviewed
Licence Creative Commons - Attribution