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The New Federalism of Mexico’s Party System

Der neue Föderalismus des mexikanischen Parteiensystems
El nuevo federalismo en el sistema de partidos Mexicano
[journal article]

Cantú, Francisco; Desposato, Scott

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Please use the following Persistent Identifier (PID) to cite this document:http://nbn-resolving.de/urn:nbn:de:gbv:18-4-5386

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Abstract Federalism is widely lauded for its ability to manage deep social divisions and promote efficient policy in democratic systems, but it has been criticized for its impact on party system nationalization. In this paper, we explore the role of formal and informal institutions on party system nationalization in the Mexican political system, focusing on legislative politics. In Mexico, an end of one-party rule transformed the nature of center–periphery relations, empowering subnational actors and giving them incentives to act on the national stage. Using an original dataset, we show that these changes resulted in national parties dividing along state lines on policy decisions, and that the magnitude of these divisions depends primarily on 1) the informal centralization of career resources, 2) the extent to which parties are ideological and programmatic, and 3) the personal vote incentives of electoral rules.

El federalismo es reconocido como un sistema capaz de manejar divisiones sociales y promover políticas eficientes en los sistemas democráticos. Este artículo examina el sistema político mexicano y explora el papel de las instituciones formales e informales en la nacionalización del sistema de partidos, particularmente en la dinámica legislativa. El fin del sistema de partido dominante en México transformó la relación entre el centro y la periferia, empoderando a los actores subnacionales y concediéndoles incentivos en la arena nacional. Utilizando una base de datos original, este artículo demuestra que esos cambios son el resultado de fragmentaciones estatales dentro de los partidos nacionales. La magnitud de estas fracturas dependen de 1) la centralización informal de las carreras políticas de los diputados, 2) la relevancia de la ideología dentro de cada partido, y 3) los incentivos del sistema electoral para que exista el voto personal.
Keywords Mexico; federalism; party system; political institution; Latin America; political system; legislative; democracy; party; analysis; legislative term; comparative research; Central America; developing country
Classification General History; Political Process, Elections, Political Sociology, Political Culture; Political System, Constitution, Government
Method empirical; quantitative empirical; historical; theory application
Document language English
Publication Year 2012
Page/Pages p. 3-38
Journal Journal of Politics in Latin America, 4 (2012) 2
ISSN 1868-4890
Status Published Version; peer reviewed
Licence Creative Commons - Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works