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Women's political participation in Indonesia: decentralisation, money politics and collective memory in Bali

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Rhoads, Elizabeth

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Abstract This article contends that cultural, political and historical factors create a local political environment where de facto discrimination against women is the norm. Without thoroughly addressing and altering the underlying issues causing discrimination against women in politics, a weak quota system will not immediately lead to increased women’s participation in Bali. This paper argues that the leading factors contributing to low levels of Balinese women’s participation include widespread money politics, the revitalisation of customary institutions and local identities through decentralisation, and the collective memory of the violent dissolution of the Indonesian Women’s Movement (Gerwani) in 1965–66.
Keywords Indonesia; woman; political participation; discrimination; women's movement; political change; gender-specific factors; human rights; Southeast Asia
Classification Political Process, Elections, Political Sociology, Political Culture; Women's Studies, Feminist Studies, Gender Studies
Method descriptive study
Free Keywords Bali; 1960-2010
Document language English
Publication Year 2012
Page/Pages p. 35-56
Journal Journal of Current Southeast Asian Affairs, 31 (2012) 2
ISSN 1868-4882
Status Published Version; peer reviewed
Licence Creative Commons - Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works