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On modelling of peasants' lease in Russia at the end of the 19th - beginning of the 20th centuries

Die Modellierung der bäuerlichen Pacht in Rußland am Ende des 19. und Anfang des 20.Jahrhunderts
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Moissenko, Tatjana L.

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Abstract Der vorliegende Beitrag analysiert anhand von massenstatistischen Daten aus lokalen Verwaltungseinheiten (Zemstvo) die Struktur der Landwirtschaft und des Pachtwesens im zaristischen Rußland. Das entwickelte Modell des bäuerlichen Haushalts unterscheidet zwischen Verbraucher- (consumer) und Handelspacht (commercial). Das idealtypische Modell zeigt den Vorrang der Handelspacht für den untersuchten Zeitraum. Dieser Datenbefund erfordert eine Revision der traditionellen Annahmen und Vorstellungen über die Agrarstruktur in der 'Central Black Earth region' des zaristischen Rußlands. (pmb)

'An alalysis of the character of the land lease in Russia at the end of the 19th - beginning of the 20th centuries is presented. The problem is studied on the basis of mass statistic data of the Zemstvo (local administration of Empire Russia). This source had not been used before for this purpose. Using correlation and factor analysis the structure of peasant economy is investigated. An attempt is made to determine the leases' place in Russia's economy and reveal the character of the consumer and commercial leases. The analysis of mass data incounted a predominance of the commercial lease, but on a relative low level. This conclusion challenges the traditional point of view on the peasant economy in the Central Black Earth region of Russia.' (author's abstract)
Keywords agrarian society; feudalism; agriculture; tenant leasing system; Russia; nineteenth century; twentieth century; USSR successor state; post-socialist country
Classification Rural Sociology; Economics
Method basic research; historical
Document language English
Publication Year 1991
Page/Pages p. 90-109
Journal Historical Social Research, 16 (1991) 2
ISSN 0172-6404
Status Published Version; peer reviewed
Licence Creative Commons - Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works