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Episodes of the Klaipeda/Memel Anschluss in March, 1939

[journal article]

Arbušauskaitė, Arune L.

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Abstract This article discusses the complicated diplomatic relations between Lithuania and Germany in 1938—1939 on the basis of archive documents and historical studies. The author identifies the methods used by the Germans in the Klaipėda region in order to destroy the system established by the Treaty of Versailles, propagate national socialist ideas among the population, and spread a positive attitude to the restoration of the region as a part of the German Reich. The author offers a detailed analysis of the actions of the Nazi and paramilitary groups during the Anschluss in March 22—25, 1939. An examination of the events clearly demonstrates that the German party had a well-devised plan of Anschluss, while the population had been ideologically indoctrinated and was ready for the fateful conversion. At the same time, the reactions of the Lithuanian party ranged from servility to panic flight. The Klaipeda region was taken by the Germans without a drop of blood spilled.
Keywords Lithuania; diplomacy; international relations; German Reich; occupying power
Classification General History
Document language English
Publication Year 2012
Page/Pages p. 23-31
Journal Baltic Region (2012) 2
ISSN 2079-8555
Status Published Version; peer reviewed
Licence Creative Commons - Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works