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Bolschewismus, Stalinismus und Nationalsozialismus aus der Sicht russischer Exildenker: am Beispiel der 'Vechi'-Autoren und der 'Novyj-Grad'-Gruppe

Bolshevism, Stalinism and Nazism in the opinion of exiled Russian thinkers : the example of the "Vekhi" authors and the "Novyj Grad" Group
[journal article]

Luks, Leonid

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Abstract "In October 1917, in Russia, emerged the first modern totalitarian regime. This development was, already a few years before, predicted by a number of Russian thinkers. These were the editors of the 1909 collected volume 'Vekhi' (Landmarks ). Since the early 1920s, the majority of the 'Vekhi' authors were in exile, in Europe. There, they became witnesses of the victorious rise of totalitarian regimes of the extreme right. At that time, it emerged that the catastroph of 1917 in Russia had only been the first act in an all- European tragedy. These developments were astutely analyzed by the authors of 'Vekhi' as well as by other thinkers of the Russian exile. This article will focus on some of their findings which have been largely ignored in Western studies of totalitarianism." (author's abstract)
Keywords post-socialist country; theory; historical analysis; revolution; emigration; USSR successor state; democracy; Bolshevism; USSR; dictatorship; political elite; philosophy; contemporary history; totalitarianism; disaster; image of man; Nazism; Russian; Russia; stalinism; utopia; European integration
Classification Cultural Sociology, Sociology of Art, Sociology of Literature; Philosophy, Ethics, Religion; General History
Method basic research; historical; theory formation
Document language German
Publication Year 2011
Page/Pages p. 99-131
Journal Totalitarismus und Demokratie, 8 (2011) 1
Issue topic Der stalinistische Massenterror
ISSN 1612-9008
Status Published Version; reviewed
Licence Deposit Licence - No Redistribution, No Modifications