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Der Einsatz von Statistik-Programmpaketen : Klassifikation und vergleichender Überblick

The use of statistics program packages : classification and comparative overview
[journal article]

Sensch, Jürgen

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Please use the following Persistent Identifier (PID) to cite this document:http://nbn-resolving.de/urn:nbn:de:0168-ssoar-32448

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Abstract Was die 'traditionelle' Anwendung von Statistik von der 'modernen' innerhalb der historischen Sozialforschung unterscheidet, ist der routinemäßige Einsatz der elektronischen Datenverarbeitung bei der Datenaufbereitung und der Datenanalyse. Sie hat die Verbreitungs- und Erkenntnismöglichkeiten der Quantifizierung außerordentlich erweitert. Zunächst wird ein historischer Überblick über die Entwicklung von Statistik-Programmpaketen in den 60er Jahren gegeben. Vor diesem Hintergrund erfolgt ein Klassifikationsschema für allgemeine und spezifische Statistikprogrammpakete. Anschließend werden Vor- und Nachteile von statistischen Programmpaketen diskutiert. Daraufhin folgt ein umfassender Überblick von statistischen Methoden und graphischen Werkzeugen, die PC-geeignet sind. Dann werden statistische Programmpakete nach folgenden Merkmalen miteinander verglichen: Systemcharakteristika, Datenmanagement, statistische Verfahren und graphische Werkzeuge. Im letzten Teil werden Probleme der Methoden der künstlichen Intelligenz und die Entwicklung von wissensbasierten Systemen besprochen. (psz)

'There is no doubt that computer statistical packages provide scientists with a relatively easy way of dealing with complex data analysis, and that the use of computer-based data analysis has increased dramatically in recent years. Computers play nowadays an essential role in the analysis of data in many disciplines, including Historical Social Research. This text begins with a short history of the development of computer statistical packages. A discussion follows which is devoted to developing an understanding of programmed statistical packages in general. With this background a classification scheme for universal and more specific statistical packages follows in part one. In part two we discuss the advantages and disadvantages of statistical packages. At present many packages are dealing with simple and complex data analyses. The earliest packages were designed to be used with large main-frame computers. Nowadays, however, many of them are available on small machines known as personal computers (PCs). In part three we therefore give an overview of selected packages with a wide range of statistical procedures and graphical tools suitable for PCs. In part four we compare these packages following selected criterias (system characteristics, data management, statistical procedures, graphical tools). The last part deals with problems of artificial intelligence within statistical computing area. We discuss these purposes more profoundly, and give some of the historical backgrounds. Further objectives are to discuss some knowledge based systems and to show there limitations until today.' (author's abstract)
Keywords electronic data processing; data processing program; deployment; science of history; historical social research; classification; quantification; statistics; statistical analysis
Classification Research Design; Social History, Historical Social Research
Method applied research; basic research; theory formation
Document language German
Publication Year 1995
Page/Pages p. 3-62
Journal Historical Social Research, 20 (1995) 3
Status Published Version; peer reviewed
Licence Deposit Licence - No Redistribution, No Modifications
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