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Labour market outcomes after vocational training in Germany: equal opportunities for migrants and natives?

Arbeitsmarkteffekte der Berufsausbildung in Deutschland : gleiche Chancen für Migranten und Einheimische?
[working paper]

Burkert, Carola; Seibert, Holger

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Corporate Editor Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung der Bundesagentur für Arbeit (IAB)
Abstract "German in-firm vocational training combines training on the job and learning in vocational schools. The so called 'dual system' absorbs roughly two thirds of German school leavers every year. After between two and four years of standardized training, it provides them with a generally accepted qualification in a wide range of occupations. Using Spence's Signaling Theory, hypotheses are derived concerning different labour market outcomes of foreigners who successfully completed an in-firm vocational training course and their German counterparts. The integration potential of the dual system is tested empirically according to its risk factors unemployment, occupational mismatch and skill mismatch using longitudinal registration data (1977-2004). Different nationalities are compared with Germans with respect to their first employment after leaving the dual system. Today, most of the young migrants who go through the dual system are as successful on the labour market as Germans. In-firm vocational training apparently provides migrant youth with the skills and techniques necessary for a successful transition to the labour market. However, they have restricted transition chances due to having higher unemployment rates, occupational mismatch and skill mismatch. But even if we control for relevant variables that determine transition chances, restrictions at labour market entry still remain for individual nationalities: compared to Germans, migrant men and especially migrant women have a higher risk of unemployment and occupational mismatch." (author's abstract)
Keywords adolescent; alien; career start; firm; vocational education; career prospect; training; graduate; Federal Republic of Germany
Classification Labor Market Research; Vocational Training, Adult Education
Method empirical; quantitative empirical
Document language English
Publication Year 2007
City Nürnberg
Series IAB Discussion Paper: Beiträge zum wissenschaftlichen Dialog aus dem Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung, 31/2007
Status Published Version
Licence Deposit Licence - No Redistribution, No Modifications
data provider This metadata entry was indexed by the Special Subject Collection Social Sciences, USB Cologne