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Debatte: 'Von der Historischen Sozialwissenschaft zur Historischen Anthropologie?'

Debate: 'from historical social science to historical anthropology?'
[journal article]

Mitterauer, Michael

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Abstract Die sogenannte 'Historische Sozialwissenschaft' hat stets den Anspruch vertreten, für die Geschichtswissenschaft als ganzes eine Neuorientierung zu bieten. Ähnliches gilt für die 'Historische Anthropologie'. Beide Disziplinen stehen daher in der heutigen Geschichtswissenschaft als zwei Versuche einer innerfachlichen Neuorientierung nebeneinander. Der Beitrag beschreibt die Berührungspunkte und Überschneidungsbereiche und konstatiert, dass ihr jeweiliges Erkenntnisinteresse unterschiedlich ist. Jene menschlichen 'Elementarsituationen' und 'Grundbefindlichkeiten', für die sich die Historische Anthropologie interessiert, stehen mit Sicherheit nicht im Mittelpunkt der Historischen Sozialwissenschaften. Insgesamt spricht der Autor von einem 'offenen Projekt' in dem von sehr unterschiedlichen Ausgangspositionen ausgehende Richtungen konvergieren. (ICA)

'This article deals with two different approaches in the german historiography. The 'Historical Social Science'-approach claims to have a general perspective, which needs a close link to the systematic social science, especially with sociology, political science and economics. Structures and processes of social changes should be explored and illustrated. Therefore, the structures of social stratification, of political power, and of economic developments are in the centre of the interest. On the other hand, the meaning of 'Historical Anthropology' cannot be defined in the same precise manner as that of 'Historical Social Science' - dued to the heterogeneous research orientations that are trying to promote a common initiative under the title 'Historical Anthropology'. Focus of interest is the diversity and inconsistency of the ways people adapting the world. The approaches to this problem are very different. Therefore, Historical Anthropology does not stand for a closed concept with respect to contents and methodology. But because of the central issue of essential human existence and elementary situations a new interesting perspective to the phenomena of the rapid social change is given, which occurs since the middle of this century.' (author's abstract)
Keywords anthropology; differentiation; research status; science of history; historical social research; cultural anthropology; image of man; philosophy; self-concept; social science
Classification General Problems, History of the Social Sciences; Social History, Historical Social Research
Method basic research
Document language German
Publication Year 2000
Page/Pages p. 139-148
Journal Historical Social Research, 25 (2000) 2
Status Published Version; peer reviewed
Licence Deposit Licence - No Redistribution, No Modifications
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