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Historische Innovationsindikatoren : Ergebnisse einer Pilotstudie

Historical innovation indicators : results of a pilot study
[journal article]

Metz, Rainer; Watteler, Oliver

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Please use the following Persistent Identifier (PID) to cite this document:http://nbn-resolving.de/urn:nbn:de:0168-ssoar-31297

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Abstract Das Ziel des Projektes 'Historische Innovationsforschung' war es, Möglichkeiten der Rekonstruktion und historisch-kritischen Dokumentation ausgewählter quantitativer Indikatoren sowohl für das Phänomen der Innovation selbst als auch für das Phänomen der wirtschaftlichen Entwicklung in Deutschland von 1870 bis heute zu evaluieren. Während die Innovationskriterien das Ausmaß, die Intensität und die strukturelle Verflechtung des Innovationsprozesses veranschaulichen und messbar machen sollen, werden die ökonomischen Indikatoren in diesem Zusammenhang vorwiegend zur Validierung der Innovationsindikatoren benötigt. Anhand der Indikatoren soll es möglich sein, der Frage nach dem Zusammenhang von Innovation und wirtschaftlicher Entwicklung theoriegestützt auf der Basis langer Zeitreihen empirisch-statistisch nachzugehen, wobei der zeitlichen Dynamik der involvierten Prozesse besondere Beachtung geschenkt wurde. Die zentralen Phänomene 'Wirtschaftswachstum', 'Strukturwandel', 'technischer Fortschritt' und 'Innovation' werden zunächst im historischen Kontext der deutschen Wirtschaft betrachtet. Anschließend werden die Projektarbeiten zu den verschiedenen Indikatorenbereichen vorgestellt; am Beispiel des Maschinenbaus wird eine Integration der Teilbereiche versucht. (ICI2)

'Aim of the project was an evaluation of the possibilities to reconstruct and critically document specific quantitative indicators for the phenomena of innovation and of the economic development of Germany between 1870 and today. While the indicators of innovation are supposed to demonstrate and measure the scope, the intensity and the structural interdependence of the process of innovation, the economic indicators are used to validate the indicators of innovation. With the help of the indicators it should be possible to theoretically follow the question about the relations between innovation and economic development on the basis of time series. In this the dynamics of the innovation process receives a special focus. After a short introduction the theoretic basis of historical time series and the relationship of innovation and economic development in Germany are briefly discussed. The main part focuses on specific groups of indicators that are used to determine the dynamics of the innovation process. These are general economic indicators, governmental spending for research and science, the building of human capital and the development in the field of inventions. The last case is treated in a more extensive way and the paper sheds light on the development in the area of patenting as well as a collection of innovative events that is gathered in a data-base set up by the IAB. Finally, the case of innovative action in the field of machinery industry in Germany is described. Two appendices hold figures of the used indicators and images of German machinery patents as example for their content.' (author's abstract)
Keywords Federal Republic of Germany; German Reich; research approach; historical development; historical social research; industry; innovation; mechanical engineering; patent system; social indicators; enterprise; economic development (on national level)
Classification Methods and Techniques of Data Collection and Data Analysis, Statistical Methods, Computer Methods; Sociology of Economics; Social History, Historical Social Research
Method empirical; quantitative empirical; historical
Document language German
Publication Year 2002
Page/Pages p. 4-99
Journal Historical Social Research, 27 (2002) 1
Status Published Version; reviewed
Licence Deposit Licence - No Redistribution, No Modifications
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