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Mapping contemporary forms of autocracy

Kartieren von gegenwärtigen Formen der Autokratie
[journal article]

Möller, Jörgen; Skaaning, Svend-Erik

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Please use the following Persistent Identifier (PID) to cite this document:http://nbn-resolving.de/urn:nbn:de:0168-ssoar-311606

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Abstract Die Verfasser bauen auf den Forschungen der letzten Jahre zur Ausdifferenzierung der Typen der Demokratie auf. Sie plädieren dafür, Autoritarismus und Totalitarismus auf der Grundlage von verbreiteten Definitionsmerkmalen von Demokratie, konkret politischer Partizipation und Rechtsstaatlichkeit, zu unterscheiden. Dazu nutzen sie die ausdifferenzierte Regimemessung des Transformationsindexes von Bertelsmann. Damit knüpfen die Autoren an eine Methode an, um autoritäre und totalitäre Regime mittels der Messung politischer und ziviler Freiheitsrechte zu unterscheiden. Die totalitären Autokratien werden demnach als extreme Autokratien abgegrenzt, die am weitesten entfernt von den liberalen Demokratien sind. Auf der Grundlage ihrer Typologie klassifizieren die Verfasser alle Staaten der Welt für das Jahr 2008. Zudem teilen sie die Regime auch nach der Art des Herrschaftsträgers in personalistische Herrschaften, Parteiherrschaften, Militärherrschaften und traditionelle Monarchien ein. (ICF2)

'The preceding decades have witnessed a veritable mushrooming of new and elaborate typologies in the study of democracies. At the same time, non-democracies are mostly treated as a residual category that merits little attention. The authors argue that this conceptual neglect is both surprising and unfortunate. This is so because the very reasons for unpacking the overarching class of democracy also entail that the overarching class of autocracy should be unfolded. More particularly, the distinctions between different kinds of autocracies should add to, or be created in continuation of the property spaces of the extant typologies of democracy. Using the Bertelsmann Transformation Index, they provide an overview of the different types of autocracy that come into existence when ordering countries on the conventional defining attributes of democracy in this manner. Moreover, they expand the focus to an accompanying attribute of autocracy, viz. the character traits of the ruler(s). The aim of both exercises is to provide the descriptive footwork for treating distinctions between different forms of autocracy as either explanans or explanandum.' (author's abstract)|
Keywords election; propensity to violence; participation; professionalization; freedom; democratization; dictatorship; domination; action orientation; power; comparison; responsibility allocation; modernity; typology
Classification Basic Research, General Concepts and History of Political Science; Political Process, Elections, Political Sociology, Political Culture
Method descriptive study; empirical; qualitative empirical; theory application
Document language German
Publication Year 2009
Page/Pages p. 253-270
Journal Totalitarismus und Demokratie, 6 (2009) 2
Status Published Version; reviewed
Licence Deposit Licence - No Redistribution, No Modifications
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