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Opposition und Widerstand in deutschen Diktaturen : der Vergleich als Königsweg der Zeitgeschichte

Opposition and resistance in German dictatorships : comparison as an ideal method in contemporary history
[journal article]

Eckert, Rainer

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Abstract Totalitarismus- und Diktaturforschung basieren auf Vergleichen der untersuchten politischen Systeme. Im Mittelpunkt des Interesses stehen dabei gewöhnlich Elemente der Machtstruktur. Hingegen werden die Varianten des Widerstands gegen politische Verfolgung nicht oft vergleichend untersucht. Der Vergleich von Widerstand und Opposition im Nationalsozialismus und in der DDR ist jedoch aufschlussreich. Dies trifft für die Analyse von aktivem und passivem Widerstand und Opposition sowie für die Beschreibung der Entwicklungsphasen widerständigen Verhaltens zu. Jede Art von Widerstand stellt die totalitäre Herrschaft in Frage. (ICEÜbers)

'Both totalitarianism and ´modern dictatorship research are also based on the comparison of the respective political systems under analysis. Usually, in this context elements of power structure are in the focus of interest. In contrast to this, the different ways of resistance behaviour in respect of political persecution are often not taken into consideration from a comparative point of view. But particularly by the comparison of resistance and opposition during National Socialism and under the German Communist dictatorship it is possible to achieve further insights. This is true both for the analysis of resistance, opposition, refusal and for the description of the development phases of resistance behaviour. It becomes obvious that any kind of resistance must question totalitarian rule.' (author's abstract)|
Keywords historical analysis; resistance; opposition; German Democratic Republic (GDR); Third Reich; dictatorship; totalitarianism; comparison; Nazism
Classification Political Process, Elections, Political Sociology, Political Culture; Social History, Historical Social Research
Method descriptive study; historical
Document language German
Publication Year 2008
Page/Pages p. 367-392
Journal Totalitarismus und Demokratie, 5 (2008) 2
ISSN 1612-9008
Status Published Version; reviewed
Licence Deposit Licence - No Redistribution, No Modifications
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