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Bolschewismus und Nationalsozialismus : Ideologie, Herrschaftsstrukturen und Terrorsysteme der totalitären Antipoden

Bolshevism and Nazism: ideology, domination structures and terror systems of the totalitarian antipodes
[journal article]

Pohlmann, Friedrich

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Abstract Basierend auf den Voraussetzungen und dem terminologischen Instrumentarium der Totalitarismustheorie legt der Verfasser eine systematische, vergleichende Analyse der Grundstruktur des Sowjetkommunismus und des Nationalsozialismus vor. Er fragt nach den Entstehungsbedingungen beider totalitären Systeme und nimmt dann einen systematischen Strukturvergleich vor, der die Herrschaftsapparate in den Mittelpunkt stellt. Abschließend werden die Terrorsysteme beider Diktaturen detailliert verglichen, deren ideologischer Krieg gegeneinander eine Radikalisierung des nationalsozialistischen Terrors bewirkte. Der Verfasser wertet das 20. Jahrhundert als das Zeitalter des Totalitarismus. (ICEÜbers)

'Orientated at the premises and the terminological tools of totalitarianism theory, the essay develops a systematic, comparative analysis of basic structural features of Soviet Communism and National Socialism. After having reflected on the conditions of its development, by a second step there is attempting a systematic structural comparison of the two totalitarian systems which focuses on their apparatuses of rule. Finally by a third part, the systems of terror of the two dicatorships are compared to each other in very much detail and it is shown which role the ideologic war of the two dictatorships against each other played most of all for the radicalization of National Socialist terror. The concluding remarks interprete the 20th century as the age of totalitarianism.' (author's abstract)
Keywords historical development; structure; communism; Bolshevism; USSR; dictatorship; domination; one-party system; fascism; apparatus of domination; totalitarianism; political ideology; concentration camp; Marxism-Leninism; Nazism; terrorism; twentieth century
Classification Macrosociology, Analysis of Whole Societies; Political System, Constitution, Government; Political Process, Elections, Political Sociology, Political Culture; Peace and Conflict Research, International Conflicts, Security Policy; Social History, Historical Social Research
Method descriptive study; historical
Document language German
Publication Year 2008
Page/Pages p. 163-203
Journal Totalitarismus und Demokratie, 5 (2008) 2
ISSN 1612-9008
Status Published Version; reviewed
Licence Deposit Licence - No Redistribution, No Modifications