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Partisan competition and women's suffrage in the United States

Parteienwettbewerb und Frauenwahlrecht in den Vereinigten Staaten von Amerika
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Munshi, Soumyanetra

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Abstract "Though women's suffrage was federally mandated in the United States by the nineteenth amendment in 1920, many states had granted suffrage to women prior to that and most of these early suffrage states were clustered in the west. The author revisits some of the popular conjectures that have been put forward to explain why these states moved first to give women the vote and offer a hypothesis of partisan competition leading to suffrage extension. Using event history analysis, she finds strong evidence that early enfranchisement of women in the western states was driven by the intensity of competition between Republicans and Democrats, as well as by adverse female-male ratios and greater concentration of the population in urban areas. Moreover, as might be expected from the geographic concentration of the suffrage states, she finds evidence that suffrage adoption was strongly and positively related to whether a neighboring state had women's suffrage. Also, the 'risk' of suffrage enactments was increasing over time foreshadowing the success of the nineteenth amendment." (author's abstract)
Keywords North America; historical analysis; party; model; method; woman; microeconomic factors; federal state; demographic factors; regional factors; Democratic Party (USA); political theory; diffusion; United States of America; social factors; comparison; competition; political situation; Republican Party; descriptive statistics; suffrage
Classification Basic Research, General Concepts and History of Political Science; Political Process, Elections, Political Sociology, Political Culture; Women's Studies, Feminist Studies, Gender Studies; General History
Method empirical; quantitative empirical; historical; theory application
Document language English
Publication Year 2010
Page/Pages p. 351-388
Journal Historical Social Research, 35 (2010) 3
ISSN 0172-6404
Status Published Version; peer reviewed
Licence Creative Commons - Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works