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Autocracies at critical junctures : a model for the study of dictatorial regimes

Autokratien am Scheideweg: ein Modell zur Erforschung diktatorischer Regime
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Merkel, Wolfgang; Gerschewski, Johannes

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Abstract "How can authoritarianism in an age of democratization survive? What are the critical junctures when a dictatorship becomes less stable and potentially fails? In a project funded by the German Research Foundation (DFG), three pillars of stability of autocratic rule are identified: legitimacy, co-optation, and repression. Referring to historical institutionalism's key concept of critical juncture, the hypothesis is based on the observation that these junctures become regime threatening when a serious crisis in one pillar occurs and the two other pillars can no longer sufficiently compensate this instability." (author's abstract)

"Wie lässt sich die Stabilität diktatorischer Regime erklären, wie der Moment entscheidender Instabilität oder des Falls einer Diktatur? Das ist die Ausgangsfrage eines WZB-Projekts über critical junctures, der Phase, in der sich die Zukunft autokratischer Herrschaft entscheidet. Entwickelt wird hier ein Drei-Säulen-Modell als Grundlage für differenzierte Einzelanalysen. Dabei werden die tragenden Säulen jeder Diktatur (Legitimität, Kooptation, Repression) und die Wechselwirkungen analysiert." (Autorenreferat)
Keywords political theory; dictatorship; regime; legitimacy; repression; form of domination; path dependence; economic elite; political elite; domination; crisis; protest; model; theory formation; military; stability; political system
Classification Basic Research, General Concepts and History of Political Science; Political System, Constitution, Government; Political Process, Elections, Political Sociology, Political Culture
Method basic research; theory formation; theory application
Document language English
Publication Year 2011
Page/Pages p. 14-17
Journal Schlossplatz 3 (2011) 11
Licence Deposit Licence - No Redistribution, No Modifications