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When failing feels good - relative prototypicality for a high-status group can counteract ego-threat after individual failure

[journal article]

Reinhard, Marc-André; Stahlberg, Dagmar; Messner, Matthias

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Please use the following Persistent Identifier (PID) to cite this document:http://nbn-resolving.de/urn:nbn:de:0168-ssoar-293390

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Abstract Two studies demonstrate that members of high-status groups (i.e., men and students of business administration) but not members of low-status groups (i.e., women and education students) react with an increase in state self-esteem after an alleged poor performance on a fictitious intelligence test. This Failure-as-an-Asset (FA) effect is only observed when the high-status ingroup (i.e., men) is outperformed by a low-status outgroup (i.e., women). In this case, a poor performance will lead to a strong identification with the ingroup due to high ingroup prototypicality. As predicted, the effects of experiencing success or failure on self-esteem were mediated by identification with the ingroup.
Classification Social Psychology
Free Keywords social identity; relative prototypicality; self-esteem; success and failure; low and high status groups; self-protection
Document language English
Publication Year 2009
Page/Pages 788–795 p.
Journal Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 45 (2009) 4
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jesp.2009.05.001
Status Postprint; peer reviewed
Licence PEER Licence Agreement (applicable only to documents from PEER project)