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A matter of design: priming context and person perception

[journal article]

Macrae, C. Neil; Cloutier, Jasmin

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Please use the following Persistent Identifier (PID) to cite this document:http://nbn-resolving.de/urn:nbn:de:0168-ssoar-293068

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Abstract A matter of considerable debate is whether people spontaneously use categorical knowledge (i.e., stereotypes) to guide their interactions with others. Despite initial evidence for the unconditional automaticity of category activation, recent research has identified a range of factors that moderate this process. Extending this line of inquiry, the current investigation explored the extent to which contextual influences - specifically the order in which priming stimuli are presented to participants - may modulate person categorization. Using a standard semantic-priming paradigm to index category and stereotype activation, participants were presented with priming stimuli that were either intermixed or blocked by sex. The results revealed that: (i) category and stereotype activation are moderated by the order in which priming stimuli are presented; and (ii) priming effects decrease monotonically as a function of category repetition. The theoretical implications of these findings are considered.
Classification Social Psychology
Free Keywords Person perception; Automaticity; Category activation; Priming
Document language English
Publication Year 2009
Page/Pages p. 1012-1015
Journal Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 45 (2009) 4
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jesp.2009.04.021
Status Postprint; peer reviewed
Licence PEER Licence Agreement (applicable only to documents from PEER project)