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Effects of status and outcome on attributions and just-world beliefs : how the social distribution of success and failure may be rationalized

[journal article]

Iatridis, Tilemachos; Fousiani, Kyriaki

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Please use the following Persistent Identifier (PID) to cite this document:http://nbn-resolving.de/urn:nbn:de:0168-ssoar-291402

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Abstract The distribution of success and failure to social groups is supported by lay theories about the characteristics of social groups and the causes of their outcomes, as well as by beliefs about entitlement of groups to succeed or fail. This paper presents a study where a target individual’s socio-economic status (high vs. low) and outcome in a major academic achievement task (success vs. failure) were manipulated in a 2 x 2 experimental design. It was found that high-status success and low-status failure, i.e. the system-consistent outcomes, were attributed relatively more to stable internal causes (ability), whereas high-status failure and low-status success, i.e. the system-inconsistent outcomes, were attributed relatively more to unstable causes (effort). Second, participants’ belief in a just world was higher in high-status success and low-status failure than in high-status failure and low-status success.
Classification Social Psychology
Free Keywords attributions for success – failure; ability vs. effort; just-world beliefs; system justification; socio-economic status
Document language English
Publication Year 2009
Page/Pages p. 415-420
Journal Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 45 (2009) 2
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jesp.2008.12.002
Status Postprint; peer reviewed
Licence PEER Licence Agreement (applicable only to documents from PEER project)