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Unconstraining theories of embodied cognition

[journal article]

Dantzig, Saskia van; Zeelenberg, René; Pecher, Diane

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Please use the following Persistent Identifier (PID) to cite this document:http://nbn-resolving.de/urn:nbn:de:0168-ssoar-291385

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Abstract The approach/avoidance effect refers to the finding that valenced stimuli trigger approach and avoidance actions. Markman and Brendl (2005) argued that this effect is not a truly embodied phenomenon, but depends on participants’ symbolic representation of the self. In their study, participants moved valenced words toward or away from their own name on the computer screen. This would induce participants to form a ‘disembodied’ selfrepresentation at the location of their name, outside of the body. Approach/avoidance effects occurred with respect to the participant’s name, rather than with respect to the body. In three experiments, we demonstrate that similar effects are found when the name is replaced by a positive word, a negative word or even when no word is resented at all. This suggests that the ‘disembodied self’ explanation of Markman and Brendl is incorrect, and that their findings do not necessarily constrain embodied theories of cognition.
Classification Social Psychology
Document language English
Publication Year 2009
Page/Pages p. 345-351
Journal Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 45 (2009) 2
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jesp.2008.11.001
Status Postprint; peer reviewed
Licence PEER Licence Agreement (applicable only to documents from PEER project)