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Changing explicit and implicit attitudes : the case of self-esteem


Grumm, Mandy; Nestler, Steffen; Collani, Gernot von


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Abstract Three experiments investigated predictions concerning asymmetrical patterns of implicit and explicit self-esteem change. Specifically, we investigated the influence of knowledge about the own self that is momentarily salient as well as the influence of affective valence associated with the self in memory on implicit and explicit self-esteem. The latter was induced by evaluative conditioning, the former by directed thinking about oneself. We found that while evaluative conditioning changed implicit but not explicit self-esteem (Experiment 1), thinking about the own self altered explicit but not implicit self-esteem (Experiment 2). Moreover, in a third experiment, it could be shown that the effect of evaluative conditioning can spill over to the explicit level when participants are asked to focus on their feelings prior to making their self-report judgements (Experiment 3). Implications of our results are discussed in terms of recent controversies regarding dual process models of attitudes and associative versus propositional modes of information processing.
Klassifikation Sozialpsychologie
Freie Schlagwörter self-esteem; implicit measures; explicit measures; directed thinking; evaluative conditioning; dual process models
Sprache Dokument Englisch
Publikationsjahr 2009
Seitenangabe S. 327-335
Zeitschriftentitel Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 45 (2009) 2
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jesp.2008.10.006
Status Postprint; begutachtet (peer reviewed)
Lizenz PEER Licence Agreement (applicable only to documents from PEER project)