More documents from Mehler, Andreas

Export to your Reference Manger

Please Copy & Paste



Bookmark and Share

Peace through constitutional amendment? Opportunities and tendencies

[working paper]

Mehler, Andreas

fulltextDownloadDownload full text

(408 KByte)

Citation Suggestion

Please use the following Persistent Identifier (PID) to cite this document:

Further Details
Corporate Editor GIGA German Institute of Global and Area Studies - Leibniz-Institut für Globale und Regionale Studien
Abstract On 9 July 2011 the validity of Sudan's interim constitution will end and South Sudan will be independent as determined per referendum. For five years, the constitution has contributed to a significant decrease in violence between the government and South Sudanese rebels (while war has been rampaging in the province of Darfur). The events in South Sudan could be paradigmatic for the fact that opportunities for a policy of peace by means of constitutional amendments are often missed. Constitutional amendments offer an extensive range of possibilities for exerting influence on ethnically or otherwise divided societies. However, this potential is rarely put to use. The constitutional determination of the form of government, the main rules for decision-making and minority rights should be particularly binding for all former warring parties. Constitutional amendments and peace agreements in intra-state conflicts form a complex relationship to one another. Constitutional amendments do not always follow peace agreements. Peace processes and processes of constitutional reform are often long and multipartite. Between 2005 and 2010, there were only four countries (Burundi, Iraq, Nepal, Sudan) in Africa, Asia, Latin America and the MENA region with divided societies where a peace agreement and a significant constitutional amendment that affected the root causes of the conflict occurred. Nevertheless, other cases in which constitutional amendments are either a) used as prevention against conflicts or b) can be seen as lessons learned from long-lasting tensions (Bolivia, Ecuador, Kenya, Zanzibar/Tanzania) exist.
Keywords constitutional amendment; peace process; peace treaty; consociational democracy; peace policy; ethnicity; minority; conflict; Sudan; Africa
Classification Political System, Constitution, Government; Peace and Conflict Research, International Conflicts, Security Policy
Free Keywords constitutions; peace agreements; ethnicity; consociational democracy
Document language English
Publication Year 2011
City Hamburg
Page/Pages 8 p.
Series GIGA Focus International Edition, 2
Status Published Version; not reviewed
Licence Creative Commons - Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works