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Redefining foreign policy impulses toward Africa: the roles of the MFA, the MOFCOM and China Exim Bank

Die Neudefinierung ausländischer Politikimpulse in Bezug auf Afrika: die Rolle des Außenministeriums, des Handelsministeriums und der chinesischen Exim-Bank
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Corkin, Lucy

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Abstract It has long been recognised that the actors involved in crafting and implementing China's foreign policy are not always in agreement. This paper argues that the prioritisation of commercial outreach over purely political objectives in Africa has led to a shift in influence from the Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MFA) to the Ministry of Commerce (MOFCOM). To that end, the paper examines the rising prominence of China Exim Bank's concessional loans as a foreign policy instrument in Africa along with the process through which they are negotiated and implemented. Using the case of Angola, this paper shows how despite formal institutional equality, the MOFCOM is playing a far more influential role than the MFA is in defining the direction of China's foreign policy toward Africa.
Keywords China; foreign policy; Africa; economic relations; loan; Angola; Southern Africa; economic policy; export policy; foreign trade; bank; interest orientation; pressure-group politics; Asia
Classification International Relations, International Politics, Foreign Affairs, Development Policy
Method descriptive study
Free Keywords foreign policy; Exim Bank; MOFCOM
Document language English
Publication Year 2011
Page/Pages p. 61-90
Journal Journal of Current Chinese Affairs, 40 (2011) 4
ISSN 1868-4874
Status Published Version; peer reviewed
Licence Creative Commons - Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works