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A dragon and a dove? A comparative overview of Chinese and European trade relations with Sub-Saharan Africa

Ein Drachen und eine Taube: ein vergleichender Überblick über die Außenhandelsbeziehungen der EU und Chinas mit Afrika südlich der Sahara
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Jacobs, Bert

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Abstract As China's footprint in African trade grows larger by the day, the need to contextualize this rise through comparative analysis becomes ever more necessary. This paper contrasts the sub-Saharan trade relations of both China and Europe with their respective designated stereotypes: those of a dragon and a dove. The article compares the trade dynamics on four levels: the policies and institutional mechanisms that shape the relationship; the composition of the trade flows; the geographic distribution of trade dominance; and the influence of norms and values on the trade pattern. It concludes that although there are empirical grounds behind these stereotypes, Chinese and European trade relations with sub-Saharan Africa are becoming more similar, partly due to a more hawkish European stance.
Keywords China; EU; Africa South of the Sahara; economic relations; international economics; export policy; foreign trade; international relations; CFSP; Far East; Africa
Classification International Relations, International Politics, Foreign Affairs, Development Policy; Political Economy
Method descriptive study
Document language English
Publication Year 2011
Page/Pages p. 17-60
Journal Journal of Current Chinese Affairs, 40 (2011) 4
ISSN 1868-4874
Status Published Version; peer reviewed
Licence Creative Commons - Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works