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The end of political Islam? A comparative analysis of religious parties in the Muslim democracy of Indonesia

Das Ende des politischen Islam? Eine vergleichende Analyse religiöser Parteien in der islamischen Demokratie Indonesien
[Zeitschriftenartikel]

Hamayotsu, Kikue

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Abstract Why do some religious parties survive after adopting a moderate ideological outlook while others do not? The rise and fall of religious parties since the onset of democratic transition in Indonesia has set off an intriguing debate over the role and future of political Islam in electoral politics. This article seeks to explain the diverging – and unexpected – trajectories of the two most prominent religious parties, the National Awakening Party (PKB) and Justice Prosperous Party (PKS) through a close examination of the case of PKB. It emphasizes organizational qualities to advance two claims. First, the decline of the moderate PKB is the result of the permeation of personality-based clientelistic and ascriptive relations as well as lack of party institutionalization. Political survival of the puritanical Islamist PKS, on the other hand, is explained by organizational cohesion achieved through party institutionalization. Second, a disciplined party structure has allowed PKS elites to achieve controversial ideological adjustments. In short, a moderate centralist religious ideology or outlook alone is not sufficient to achieve political survival in the competitive environment of electoral and religious politics.
Thesaurusschlagwörter Indonesia; developing country; Southeast Asia; party; party politics; Islam; Islamic society; religion; religious party
Klassifikation Religionssoziologie; politische Willensbildung, politische Soziologie, politische Kultur
Methode deskriptive Studie
Freie Schlagwörter Political Science; Comparative Politics; Indonesia; religious parties; democratization; PKB; 1980-2011
Sprache Dokument Englisch
Publikationsjahr 2011
Seitenangabe S. 133-159
Zeitschriftentitel Journal of Current Southeast Asian Affairs, 30 (2011) 3
ISSN 1868-4882
Status Veröffentlichungsversion; begutachtet (peer reviewed)
Lizenz Creative Commons - Namensnennung, Nicht kommerz., Keine Bearbeitung
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