More documents from Hamayotsu, Kikue
More documents from Journal of Current Southeast Asian Affairs

Export to your Reference Manger

Please Copy & Paste



Bookmark and Share

The end of political Islam? A comparative analysis of religious parties in the Muslim democracy of Indonesia

Das Ende des politischen Islam? Eine vergleichende Analyse religiöser Parteien in der islamischen Demokratie Indonesien
[journal article]

Hamayotsu, Kikue

fulltextDownloadDownload full text

(external source)

Citation Suggestion

Please use the following Persistent Identifier (PID) to cite this document:

Further Details
Abstract Why do some religious parties survive after adopting a moderate ideological outlook while others do not? The rise and fall of religious parties since the onset of democratic transition in Indonesia has set off an intriguing debate over the role and future of political Islam in electoral politics. This article seeks to explain the diverging – and unexpected – trajectories of the two most prominent religious parties, the National Awakening Party (PKB) and Justice Prosperous Party (PKS) through a close examination of the case of PKB. It emphasizes organizational qualities to advance two claims. First, the decline of the moderate PKB is the result of the permeation of personality-based clientelistic and ascriptive relations as well as lack of party institutionalization. Political survival of the puritanical Islamist PKS, on the other hand, is explained by organizational cohesion achieved through party institutionalization. Second, a disciplined party structure has allowed PKS elites to achieve controversial ideological adjustments. In short, a moderate centralist religious ideology or outlook alone is not sufficient to achieve political survival in the competitive environment of electoral and religious politics.
Keywords Indonesia; developing country; Southeast Asia; party; party politics; Islam; Islamic society; religion; religious party
Classification Sociology of Religion; Political Process, Elections, Political Sociology, Political Culture
Method descriptive study
Free Keywords Political Science; Comparative Politics; Indonesia; religious parties; democratization; PKB; 1980-2011
Document language English
Publication Year 2011
Page/Pages p. 133-159
Journal Journal of Current Southeast Asian Affairs, 30 (2011) 3
ISSN 1868-4882
Status Published Version; peer reviewed
Licence Creative Commons - Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works