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The stereotyper and the chameleon: the effects of stereotype use on perceivers' mimicry

[journal article]

Castelli, Luigi; Pavan, Giulia; Ferrari, Elisabetta; Kashima, Yoshihisa

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Please use the following Persistent Identifier (PID) to cite this document:http://nbn-resolving.de/urn:nbn:de:0168-ssoar-286634

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Abstract Interpersonal dynamics may play a crucial role in the perpetuation of stereotypes. In an experimental study, participants interacted with a confederate who provided either stereotype-consistent or stereotype-inconsistent descriptions about the elderly. Based on the assumption that mimicry represents a social glue that fosters interpersonal liking and affiliation, we assessed the extent to which participants mimicked the nonverbal behaviors of the confederate as a function of the stereotypicality of the descriptions. Results showed that nonconscious mimicry was more likely when the speaker relied on stereotypes rather than on stereotype-inconsistent information. In Study 2 the effect was replicated in relation to national stereotypes. This finding indicates that stereotypers are faced with subtle nonverbal cues from the audience that can retroactively reinforce their behaviors and thus make stereotype dismissal so difficult to be achieved.
Classification Social Psychology
Free Keywords stereotype use; mimicry
Document language English
Publication Year 2009
Page/Pages p. 835-839
Journal Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 45 (2009) 4
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jesp.2009.02.012
Status Postprint; peer reviewed
Licence PEER Licence Agreement (applicable only to documents from PEER project)