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The stereotyper and the chameleon: the effects of stereotype use on perceivers' mimicry


Castelli, Luigi; Pavan, Giulia; Ferrari, Elisabetta; Kashima, Yoshihisa


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Abstract Interpersonal dynamics may play a crucial role in the perpetuation of stereotypes. In an experimental study, participants interacted with a confederate who provided either stereotype-consistent or stereotype-inconsistent descriptions about the elderly. Based on the assumption that mimicry represents a social glue that fosters interpersonal liking and affiliation, we assessed the extent to which participants mimicked the nonverbal behaviors of the confederate as a function of the stereotypicality of the descriptions. Results showed that nonconscious mimicry was more likely when the speaker relied on stereotypes rather than on stereotype-inconsistent information. In Study 2 the effect was replicated in relation to national stereotypes. This finding indicates that stereotypers are faced with subtle nonverbal cues from the audience that can retroactively reinforce their behaviors and thus make stereotype dismissal so difficult to be achieved.
Klassifikation Sozialpsychologie
Freie Schlagwörter stereotype use; mimicry
Sprache Dokument Englisch
Publikationsjahr 2009
Seitenangabe S. 835-839
Zeitschriftentitel Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 45 (2009) 4
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jesp.2009.02.012
Status Postprint; begutachtet (peer reviewed)
Lizenz PEER Licence Agreement (applicable only to documents from PEER project)