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Advances in the assessment and treatment of juvenile offenders

[journal article]

Hoge, Robert

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Abstract "This paper provides an introduction to best practices in the assessment and treatment of juvenile offenders. Many of the guidelines presented in the paper derive from recent theory and research in criminology and psychology. Much of that research has been conducted in western societies, and it remains to be seen to what extent conclusions from that research can generalize beyond those settings. However, clinical experience suggests that many of the principles of best practice do have application across a broad range of cultures. This paper refl ects a child welfare/rehabilitation orientation toward the treatment of the juvenile offender. As explained below, current theory and research from psychology and criminology support the position that juvenile justice systems focusing on the identifi cation and amelioration of criminogenic defi cits in the youth and their circumstances produce more positive outcomes than other approaches, including those focusing on punitive sanctions. As well, the implications of the child welfare/rehabilitation model for the treatment of the youth are fully consistent with the UNICEF Guiding Principles for Organizations and Individuals Dealing with Child Welfare and the United Nations Convention on the Right of the Child. The paper begins with a discussion of alternative approaches to the treatment of offenders within juvenile justice systems. This is followed by a brief introduction to contemporary theory and research on the causes and correlates of youth crime and the most effi cacious approaches for addressing this serious problem. A discussion of best practices in the assessment of juvenile offenders is then presented. This includes an identifi cation of some useful assessment instruments and procedures as well as practical guidelines in the conduct of assessments. The following section presents a discussion of effective strategies for case planning and management, including the identifi cation of evidence-based treatments." [author's abstract]
Keywords criminal; adolescent; criminality; criminology; resocialization; assessment; risk behavior; evidence; social behavior; penalty assessment; equal treatment; best practice
Classification Criminal Sociology, Sociology of Law
Document language English
Publication Year 2009
Page/Pages p. 49-70
Journal Criminology & Social Integration, 17 (2009) 2
Status Published Version; reviewed
Licence Creative Commons - Attribution